New Living Translation So the Israelites set out from the wilderness of Sinai and traveled on from place to place until the cloud stopped in the wilderness of Paran. English Standard Version and the people of Israel set out by stages from the wilderness of Sinai. And the cloud settled down in the wilderness of Paran. Berean Study Bible and the Israelites set out from the Wilderness of Sinai, traveling from place to place until the cloud settled in the Wilderness of Paran.
New American Standard Bible and the sons of Israel set out on their journeys from the wilderness of Sinai. Then the cloud settled down in the wilderness of Paran.
King James Bible And the children of Israel took their journeys out of the wilderness of Sinai; and the cloud rested in the wilderness of Paran. Christian Standard Bible The Israelites traveled on from the Wilderness of Sinai, moving from one place to the next until the cloud stopped in the Wilderness of Paran. And some time later, the cloud stopped in the Paran Desert.
The cloud came to rest in the wilderness of Paran. Holman Christian Standard Bible The Israelites traveled on from the Wilderness of Sinai, moving from one place to the next until the cloud stopped in the Wilderness of Paran. New Heart English Bible The children of Israel went forward according to their journeys out of the wilderness of Sinai; and the cloud abode in the wilderness of Paran.
JPS Tanakh And the children of Israel set forward by their stages out of the wilderness of Sinai; and the cloud abode in the wilderness of Paran. Jubilee Bible And the sons of Israel moved out of the wilderness of Sinai, and the cloud rested in the wilderness of Paran. American King James Version And the children of Israel took their journeys out of the wilderness of Sinai; and the cloud rested in the wilderness of Paran. However, the references to Moses in the third person in the narrative e.
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It seems correct to assume that the substantial portions of the history and legislation of Numbers originated with Moses during the thirty-eight years of desert wandering that the book recounts cf. Whether he transcribed the words of Yahweh himself or dictated them to a scribe is unclear. But Numbers and the rest of the Pentateuch were cast in the form of a unified, five-volume book sometime between the days of Joshua and the elders of Israel Josh. This still seems like the best solution to this writer, even though it is not without difficulties.
They offer no real solution to this difficulty, but unfortunately affirm that one's presuppositions determine one's conclusion, Yet it must be emphasized that none of the interpretive options for the Numbers census figures is without problems or inconsistencies. Generally speaking, one's view of Scripture determines a person's stance on the biblical numbers, with one end of the spectrum inclined toward literalness, and the other end skeptical about their historicity and reliability, and between them a moderate view of openness toward alternative readings ibid.
An example of his discussion of an anthropologically-based approach to ritual symbolism is as follows: First, this approach seeks to understand the whole ritual system and not just parts of it, or more precisely to understand the parts in the light of the whole. This may be illustrated by Douglas' approach to the food laws. Earlier commentators picked on certain elements in the food laws as suggestive of a particular interpretation.
For instance, sheep were clean because they reminded man of his divine shepherd, while serpents were unclean because they recalled the agent of the fall. But multitudes of animals in the list found no easy explanation of this type, for example, camels, eagles, grasshoppers, etc. Douglas drew attention to that feature of the list in Leviticus 11 and Deuteronomy 14 that the biblical writers seem to concentrate on, namely the means of locomotion of the animals, how many feet and what type of feet they have.
From surveying the lists as a whole she deduced that the animal world mirrors the human world.
Just as there are three principal divisions among men, Gentiles, Jews, and priests, so there are three classes of animals: unclean, that may not be eaten; clean, i. Her theory of correspondence between the human and the animal kingdoms is confirmed by other texts scattered throughout the Pentateuch.https://grupoavigase.com/includes/219/3036-50-primeras-citas.php
The Book of Numbers: The Beginner's Guide and Summary
Secondly, Soleer has independently arrived at a similar analysis of the food laws to that of Douglas. Indeed his study represents an advance on her work, showing that the correspondences between animals and men run even deeper than earlier realized. The birds listed as unclean are unclean, because they are birds of prey, i.
It is the herbivorous land animals that are clean, and according to Genesis cf. It is also worth noting that Carmichael, using more traditional methods of exegesis, has arrived at similar conclusions. He argues that in Genesis 49 and Deuteronomy the ox, the best of the sacrificial and clean animals, symbolizes Israel, while the ass, an unclean beast, pictures Canaan.
This convergence of interpretation, based on several different methods of study, suggests that the symbolic dimensions of biblical thought are at last being understood. Thirdly, this interpretation is corroborated in the earliest commentaries on these laws. For example, the second-century BC Letter of Aristeas sees the behaviour of clean animals as models for human conduct. Acts 10 links the preaching of Peter to the Gentiles with eating unclean animals. In other words, as soon as men of all nations could belong to the people of God, those food laws which had symbolized Israel's election of and served to separate her from the nations became irrelevant too ibid.
The six laws about the land to the end similarly remind the reader that the promise is on the verge of fulfillment Numbers , In addition see Milgrom for a literary structure of the Hexateuch Numbers , xiii-xxxi.
There is a certain irony in God's permissive will in that He allows evil to draw people closer to Him. Although sin appears to be allowed to interfere with what God is doing, it does not ultimately triumph. The question is not whether man can obey but whether man will obey with the strength of the Lord. As Johnson writes, Numbers continues to reveal YHWH in His Presence among the people who permits Israel's disobedience to delay entrance into the land promised yet in the discipline of His permissive will prepared the next generation to enter the land in obedience administered under the responsibility demanded by law Synopsis of Numbers [unpublished class notes in Seminar in the Pentateuch, Dallas Theological Seminary, Fall ], 1.
Lev ; 23 , much is unique to Numbers. Some of these prescriptions strongly anticipate the settlement of the Promised Land and thus affirm that Israel will enter and posses the land the test of an unfaithful wife , supplementary offerings , tassels on one's garment , water of purification ff. Together with describing in detail the great things God has done to and for them he also listed carefully various commands of God to govern their whole life. Their position as covenantal people obligates them to subject the whole area of their life under the control of God: worship, social, family, and individual.
Edit a Copy. Study these flashcards. Esther G. Which of the following is not a major theme in the book of Numbers? Social justice.
How many censuses were recorded in the book of Numbers? Who was the pagan prophet who was sent to curse Israel but ended up blessing them instead? Zophar Bildad Tobit Balaam. Which of the following is not a major theme in the book of Deuteronomy?
Priestly functions Central Sanctuary Law Retribution principle.